Family: vespidae

vosovití, wasps, Wespen

Bethylidae
Dryinidae and Embolemidae
Chrysididae
Tiphiidae
Mutillidae
Sapygidae
Pompilidae
Formicidae
Scoliidae
Vespidae
"Spheciformes"
"Apiformes"

SESSIONS

PUBLICATIONS

FAUNISTICS

SPECIALISTS

WEB RESOURCES

 

 

 

webmaster

 

The family Vespidae is distributed in all regions of the world, with the largest number of species in tropical regions. This family consists of about 4,500 species belonging to perhaps 250 genera and six subfamilies: Euparagiinae, Eumeninae, Masarinae, Stenogastrinae, Polistinae, and Vespinae. Members of four of them (Eumeninae, Masarinae, Polistinae, and Vespinae) occur in Europe as well as in Slovakia. There are only three subfamilies in the Czech Republic; the only central European member of the subfamily Masarinae (Celonites abbreviatus (Villers, 1789)) occurs only in Slovak Karst in southern Slovakia. European species of the subfamily Eumeninae generally differ by the presence of thin mesothoracic projections running parallel with the tegulae, and by toothed claws on the tarsi. Eusocial groups differ one from each other by the shape of the first gastral segment (wide in the Vespinae, pear-shaped in the Polistinae), by the shape of the hind coxae (with a distinct dorsal ridge in the Vespinae), and by the shape of the hind wing (no jugal lobe in the Vespinae). Wasps are a much diversified group due to their morphology and behaviour. Members of the family Vespidae are well known eusocial groups as paper wasps (Polistes Latreille, 1802), hornets (Vespa Linnaeus, 1758), or wasps (Vespula Thomson, 1869 and Dolichovespula Rohwer, 1916), but there are also many solitary species. Most solitary wasps are predators. They hunt various species of insects as food for their larvae, which develop usually in hollow stalks and other crevices.

Altogether 80 species are known from the Czech Republic (69 from Bohemia, 76 from Moravia).

Determination keys: central Europe: Bouček & Šustera (1956), Mauss & Treiber (2004), Schmid-Egger (2004), Dvořák & Roberts (2006).

Checklists: Czech Republic and Slovakia: Dvořák & Straka (2007); the Palaearctic: Carpenter (1996), Carpenter & Kojima (1997).

VESPIDAE         
       
EUMENINAE        
Discoelius Latreille, 1809         
D. dufourii Lepeletier, 1841 B M EN  
D. zonalis (Panzer, 1801) B M EN  
Paragymnomerus Blüthgen, 1938         
P. spiricornis (Spinola, 1808)   M EX  
Odynerus Latreille, 1802         
O. melanocephalus (Gmelin, l790) B M    
O. poecilus Saussure, 1856   M CR  
O. reniformis (Gmelin, 1790) B M    
O. spinipes (Linnaeus, 1758) B M    
Gymnomerus Blüthgen, 1938         
G. laevipes (Shuckard, 1837) B M    
Hemipterochilus Ferton, 1909         
H. bembeciformis terricola (Mocsáry, 1883)   M    
Pterocheilus Klug, 1805         
P. phaleratus (Panzer, 1797) B M CR  
Alastor Lepeletier, 1841         
A. biegelebeni Giordani Soika, 1942   M EN  
Microdynerus Thomson, 1874         
M. exilis (Herrich-Schaeffer, 1839) B M EN  
M. nugdunensis (Saussure, 1855) B M CR  
M. parvulus (Herrich-Schaeffer, 1838) B M    
M. timidus (Saussure, 1856 ) B M    
Leptochilus Saussure, 1853        
L. alpestris (Saussure, 1855) B M EN  
L. regulus (Saussure, 1855)   M CR  
Stenodynerus Saussure, 1863        
S. bluethgeni van der Vecht, 1971 B M EN  
S. chevrieranus (Saussure, 1855) B M CR  
S. orenburgensis (André, 1884) B M EN  
S. picticrus (Thomson, 1874) B      
S. steckianus (Schulthess, 1897) B M    
S. xanthomelas (Herrich-Schaeffer, 1839) B M CR  
Antepipona Saussure, 1855         
A. deflenda (Saunders, 1853) B M CR  
A. orbitalis (Herrich-Schaeffer, 1839) B M VU  
Allodynerus Blüthgen, 1938         
A. delphinalis (Giraud, 1866) B M EN  
A. rossii (Lepeletier, 1841 ) B M CR  
Pseudepipona Saussure, 1856         
P. herrichii (Saussure,1856)   M EX  
P. lativentris (Saussure, 1855)   M EX  
Euodynerus Dalla Torre, 1904        
E. dantici dantici (Rossi, 1790) B M CR  
E. notatus (Jurine, 1807) B M VU  
E. quadrifasciatus (Fabricius, 1793) B M EN  
Ancistrocerus Wesmael, 1836         
A. antilope (Panzer, 1798) B M EN  
A. auctus (Fabricius, 1793)   M CR  
A. claripennis Thomson,1874 B M    
A. dusmetiolus (Strand, 1914) B M EN  
A. gazella (Panzer, 1798) B M    
A. ichneumonideus (Ratzeburg,1844) B M CR  
A. nigricornis (Curtis, 1826) B M    
A. oviventris oviventris (Wesmael, 1836) B M    
A. parietinus (Linnaeus, 1761) B M    
A. parietum (Linnaeus, 1758) B M    
A. renimacula (Lepeletier, 1841) B   CR  
A. scoticus (Curtis, 1826) B M EX  
A. trifasciatus (Müller, 1776) B M    
Symmorphus Wesmael, 1836         
S. allobrogus (Saussure, 1855) B M EN  
S. angustatus (Zetterstedt, 1838) B   CR  
S. bifasciatus (Linnaeus, 1761) B M    
S. connexus (Curtis, 1826) B M EN  
S. crassicornis (Panzer, 1798) B M    
S. debilitatus (Saussure, 1855) B M    
S. gracilis (Brullé, 1832) B M    
S. murarius (Linnaeus, 1758) B M    
Eumenes Latreille, 1802         
E. coarctatus coarctatus (Linnaeus, 1758) B M    
E. coarctatus lunulatus Fabricius, 1804   M EX  
E. coronatus (Panzer, 1799) B M    
E. mediterraneus Kriechbaumer, 1879   M CR  
E. papillarius (Christ, 1791) B M    
E. pedunculatus (Panzer, 1799) B M    
E. pomiformis (Fabricius, 1781) B M VU  
E. sareptanus insolatus Müller, 1923 B M CR  
E. subpomiformis Blüthgen, 1938 B M EN  
Katamenes Meado-Waldo, 19l0         
K. arbustorum (Panzer, 1799) B M EX  
       
POLISTINAE        
Polistes Latreille, 1802         
P. atrimandibularis Zimmermann, 1930   M EX  
P. biglumis bimaculatus (Geoffroy, 1785) B M VU  
P. bischoffi Weyrauch, 1937 B M EN  
P. dominulus (Christ, 1791) B M    
P. nimpha (Christ, 1791) B M VU  
P. sulcifer Zimmermann, 1930 B      
       
VESPINAE        
Vespa Linnaeus, 1758         
V. crabro Linnaeus, 1758 B M    
Vespula Thomson, 1869        
V. austriaca (Panzer, 1799) B M EN  
V. germanica (Fabricius, 1793) B M    
V. rufa (Linnaeus, 1758) B M    
V. vulgaris (Linnaeus, 1758 ) B M    
Dolichovespula Rohwer, 1916         
D. adulterina (du Buysson, 1905) B M VU  
D. media (Retzius, 1783) B M VU  
D. norwegica (Fabricius, 1781) B M VU  
D. omissa (Bischoff, 1931) B M EN  
D. saxonica (Fabricius, 1793) B M    
D. sylvestris (Scopoli, 1763 ) B M    

 

Literature

BOUČEK Z. & ŠUSTERA O. 1956: Vosy Československé republiky. Přírodovědecký Sborník Ostravského Kraje 17: 482-497.

CARPENTER J. M. 1996: Distributional checklist of species of the genus Polistes (Hymenoptera: Vespidae; Polistinae; Polistini). American Museum Novitiates 3188: 1-39.

CARPENTER J. M. & KOJIMA J. 1997: Checklist of the species in the subfamily Vespinae (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Vespidae). Natural History Bulletin of Ibaraki University 1: 51-92.

DVOŘÁK L. & ROBERTS S. P. M. 2006: Key to the paper and social wasps of Central Europe (Hymenoptera: Vespidae). Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae 46: 221-244.

DVOŘÁK L. & STRAKA J. 2007: Vespoidea: Vespidae (vosovití). Pp. 171-189. In: BOGUSCH P., STRAKA J. & KMENT P. (eds.): Annotated checklist of the Aculeata (Hymenoptera) of the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Komentovaný seznam žahadlových blanokřídlých (Hymenoptera: Aculeata) České republiky a Slovenska. Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae, Supplementum 11: 1-300.

MAUSS V. & TREIBER R. 2004: Bestimmungsschlüssel für die Faltenwespen (Hymenoptera: Masarinae, Polistinae, Vespinae) der Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Pp. 5-53. Deutscher Jugendbund für Naturbeobachtung, Hamburg, 108 pp.

SCHMID-EGGER Ch. 2004: Bestimmungsschlüssel für die deutschen Arten der solitären Faltenwespen (Hymenoptera, Eumenidae). Pp. 54-90. Deutscher Jugendbund für Naturbeobachtung, Hamburg, 108 pp.

 

 


Home