Family: tiphiidae

trněnkovití, tiphiid wasps

Bethylidae
Dryinidae and Embolemidae
Chrysididae
Tiphiidae
Mutillidae
Sapygidae
Pompilidae
Formicidae
Scoliidae
Vespidae
"Spheciformes"
"Apiformes"

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This family represents one of the middle-sized groups of the superfamily Vespoidea. It is divided into seven subfamilies. Members of only three subfamilies occur in Europe: all groups are represented by a small number of species, the largest group being the subfamily Tiphiinae. The majority of species occur in warmer regions, usually in sandy habitats. Members of this family are relatively small; the largest European ones reach 3 cm length. Females in some groups are wingless (Methochinae, Thynninae, Diamminae), whereas males are usually slender with long antennae. The tegument colouration is black, in some cases with red marks; desert species and males of Myzininae are yellow-spotted. Typical characters for Tiphiidae are two platelike lobes extending from the mesosternum over the bases of the middle coxae; many species have distinct abdominal segments. This group represents probably the most primitive family within the superfamily Vespoidea, related to the families Mutillidae and Sapygidae. Most of the species are parasitoids of grub larvae of scarabaeid beetles, but usually of smaller species, several species are parasitoids of cicindellid larvae (Methochinae).

So far 7 species are known from the Czech Republic (both from Bohemia and Moravia).

Determination keys: Europe: Arbouw (1985), central Europe: Bouček (1957), Italy: Guiglia (1961), Romania: Nagy (1967).

Checklists: Czech Republic and Slovakia: Bogusch (2007).

TIPHIIDAE        
TIPHIINAE        
Tiphia Fabricius, 1775         
T. femorata Fabricius, 1775  B M LC  
T. minuta Vander Linden, 1827  B M EN  
T. unicolor Lepeletier, 1845 B M CR  
Ludita Nagy, 1967        
L. villosa (Fabricius, 1793) B M EN  
MYZININAE        
Meria Illiger, 1807         
M. dorsalis (Fabricius, 1804)  B M NE The species was first published after the appearance of the RedList.
M. tripunctata (Rossi, 1790)  B M CR  
METHOCHINAE        
Methocha Latreille, 1805         
M. articulata (Latreille, 1792)  B M LC  

 

Literature

ARBOUW G. J. 1985: Pars. 17. Subfamily Tiphiinae. Pp. 24-135. In: ANONYMUS (ed.): Hymenopterorum Catalogus (Nova Editio). W. Junk Publishers, Amsterdam, 157 pp.

BOGUSCH P. 2007: Vespoidea: Tiphiidae (trněnkovití). Pp. 85-92. In: BOGUSCH P., STRAKA J. & KMENT P. (eds.): Annotated checklist of the Aculeata (Hymenoptera) of the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Komentovaný seznam žahadlových blanokřídlých (Hymenoptera: Aculeata) České republiky a Slovenska. Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae, Supplementum 11: 1-300.

BOUČEK Z. 1957: Nadčeleď Žahalky – Scolioidea. Pp. 313-316. In: KRATOCHVÍL J. (ed.): Klíč zvířeny ČSR. Díl II. Nakladatelství Československé akademie věd, Praha, 748 pp (in Czech).

GUIGLIA D. 1961: Le Myzininae d’Italia. Memorie della Società Entomologica Italiana 40: 5-35.

NAGY C. G. 1967: Systematisches Studium der Tiphiiden Rumäniens (Hymenoptera, Tiphiidae). Reichenbachia 8: 175-204.

 


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