Family: sapygidae

drvenkovití, sapygid wasps, Holzwespen

Bethylidae
Dryinidae and Embolemidae
Chrysididae
Tiphiidae
Mutillidae
Sapygidae
Pompilidae
Formicidae
Scoliidae
Vespidae
"Spheciformes"
"Apiformes"

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The family Sapygidae represents with only 80 species worldwide one of the smallest groups of insects within the superfamily Vespoidea. It is divided into two subfamilies, and both of them are distributed in central Europe: Polochrinae with one Mediterranean species, Sapyginae with four broadly distributed species. Sapygidae are most related to Mutillidae. They are usually small and slender (Sapyginae) or larger (Polochrinae) insects with four wings. Body is black usually with yellow or white maculae; some species have a partly red gaster. Both sexes are slender with long, clummed antennae, the males sometimes differ from the females in the colouration or shape of the antennae. Sapygidae are representatives of an ecological group of nest cleptoparasites. Females lay the eggs into the brood cells of nests of several species of solitary bees nesting in wood. Adults feed on pollen on flowers.

So far 4 species are known from the Czech Republic (from Bohemia and Moravia).

Determination keys: central Europe: Bouček (1957), Gusenleitner & Gusenleitner (1994).

Checklists: Baa et al. (1938), Bogusch (2007).

SAPYGIDAE         
SAPYGINAE        
Sapygina Costa, 1887         
S. decemguttata (Jurine, 1807)  B M LC  
Sapyga Latreille, 1796         
S. clavicornis (Linnaeus, 1758)  B M LC  
S. quinquepunctata (Fabricius, 1781)  B M LC  
S. similis (Fabricius, 1793)  B M CR  

 

Literature

BAA L., HOFFER A. & ŠUSTERA O. 1938: Prodromus blanokřídlého hmyzu Republiky Česko-Slovenské. Pars II. Sborník Entomologického Oddělení NárodníhoMusea v Praze 16: 166-223.

BOGUSCH P. 2007: Vespoidea: Sapygidae (drvenkovití). Pp. 105-109. In: BOGUSCH P., STRAKA J. & KMENT P. (eds.): Annotated checklist of the Aculeata (Hymenoptera) of the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Komentovaný seznam žahadlových blanokřídlých (Hymenoptera: Aculeata) České republiky a Slovenska. Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae, Supplementum 11: 1-300.

BOUČEK Z. 1957: Čeleď drvenkovití – Sapygidae. Pp. 342-343. In: KRATOCHVÍL J. (ed.): Klíč zvířeny ČSR. Díl II. Nakladatelství Československé akademie věd, Praha, 748 pp.

GUSENLEITNER F. & GUSENLEITNER J. 1994: Das Vorkommen der Familie Sapygidae in Österreich (Insecta: Hymenoptera: Sapygidae). Annalen der Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien 96B: 173-188.

 


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