Family: pompilidae

hrabalkovití, spider wasps, Wegwespen

Bethylidae
Dryinidae and Embolemidae
Chrysididae
Tiphiidae
Mutillidae
Sapygidae
Pompilidae
Formicidae
Scoliidae
Vespidae
"Spheciformes"
"Apiformes"

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The family Pompilidae (spider wasps) comprises about 120 described genera and about 5000 described species. It is divided into three cosmopolitan subfamilies (Pepsinae, Pompilinae, and Ceropalinae), whose members are possible to found almost everywhere, as well as their host/prey – spiders. Spider wasps are morphologically uniform and there is not large difference in habit among the representatives. Long running legs, slender body, and long curling antennae are typical characters in majority of females. Species of the subfamily Pepsinae possess more or less visible transverse groove in second metasomal sternum, mesofemur is without subapical spines, and metatibia with series of scale-like teeth along the dorsal margin (sometimes missing). Ceropalinae possess conspicuous modifications of the last visible sternum in females and similar characters in head morphology – large labrum, and antennal base and clypeus more apart than in other groups. Species of the subfamily Pompilinae have not any mentioned feature. Wing venation is characteristic for all subfamilies of spider wasps. Spider wasps live on spiders as their ectoparsitoids, predators, or as cleptoparasites in nests of other pompilid species. One larva always feeds on one spider prey. Some groups are cleptoparasitic.

Altogether 100 species are known from the Czech Republic (85 from Bohemia, 92 from Moravia).

Determination keys: central or entire Europe: Oehlke & Wolf (1987), Smissen (1996, 2003).

Checklists: Czech Republic and Slovakia: Šustera (1938), Wolf (1971), Straka (2007); Western Europe: Wahis (1986, 2006).

POMPILIDAE Latreille, 1805        
PEPSINAE Lepeletier, 1845        
Cryptocheilus Panzer, 1806         
C. fabricii (Vander Linden, 1827)  B M EX  
C. freygessneri (Kohl, 1883)    M EX  
C. notatus (Rossi, 1792)  B M    
C. variabilis (Rossi, 1790)   M    
C. versicolor (Scopoli, 1763)  B M    
Priocnemis Schiödte, 1837         
P. agilis (Shuckard, 1837) B M VU  
P. confusor Wahis, 2006 B M    
P. cordivalvata Haupt, 1927 B M    
P. coriacea Dahlbom, 1843 B M    
P. enslini Haupt, 1927    M CR  
P. exaltata (Fabricius, 1775)  B M    
P. fastigiata Haupt, 1934  B M EX  
P. fennica Haupt, 1927  B M    
P. hankoi Móczár, 1944  B M EX  
P. hyalinata (Fabricius, 1793) B M    
P. melanosoma Kohl, 1880    M EX  
P. mesobrometi Wolf, 1958  B M EX  
P. minuta (Vander Linden, 1827)  B M EN  
P. parvula Dalhlbom, 1845  B M VU  
P. pellipleuris Wahis, 1998 B M EX  
P. perturbator (Harris, 1780)  B M    
P. pillichi Priesner, 1960    M EX  
P. propinqua Lepeletier, 1847  B   EX  
P. pusilla Schiödte, 1837  B M    
P. schioedtei Haupt, 1927 B M    
P. sulci Balthasar, 1943    M CR  
P. susterai Haupt, 1927 B M EX  
P. vulgaris (Dufour, 1841) B M    
Caliadurgus Pate, 1946        
C. fasciatellus (Spinola, 1808) B M    
Dipogon Fox, 1897         
D. austriacus Wolf, 1964 B   CR  
D. bifasciatus (Geoffroy, 1785)  B M    
D. subintermedius (Magretti, 1886) B M VU  
D. variegatus (Linnaeus, 1758)  B M CR  
D. vechti Day, 1979 B M EX  
Auplopus Spinola, 1841         
A. albifrons (Dalman, 1823)  B M VU  
A. carbonarius (Scopoli, 1763)  B M    
A. rectus (Haupt, 1926) B M    
Poecilagenia Haupt, 1926         
P. rubricans (Lepeletier, 1845)  B M CR  
       
POMPILINAE Latreille, 1805        
Aporus Spinola, 1808         
A. pollux (Kohl, 1888)  B M EX  
A. unicolor Spinola, 1808 B M VU  
Eoferreola Arnold, 1935         
E. manticata (Pallas, 1771)    M    
E. rhombica (Christ, 1791)  B M EN  
Ferreola Lepeletier, 1845         
F. diffinis (Lepeletier, 1845)  B M CR  
Homonotus Dahlbom, 1843         
H. sanguinolentus (Fabricius, 1793)  B M VU  
Pompilus Fabricius, 1798         
P. cinereus (Fabricius, 1775) B M VU  
Arachnospila Kincaid, 1900         
A. abnormis (Dahlbom, 1842)  B M VU  
A. alvarabnormis (Wolf, 1965)   M EX  
A. anceps (Wesmael, 1851) B M    
A. asiatica (Morawitz, 1888) B M    
A. ausa (Tournier, 1890)  B M EN  
A. fumipennis (Zetterstedt, 1838)  B M EN  
A. fuscomarginata (Thomson, 1870)  B M EN  
A. gibbomima (Haupt, 1929) B   EX  
A. hedickei (Haupt, 1929) B M EN  
A. minutula (Dahlbom, 1842)  B M    
A. opinata (Tournier, 1890)  B M CR  
A. rufa (Haupt, 1927)  B M CR  
A. sogdianoides (Wolf, 1964) B M EX  
A. spissa (Schiödte, 1837)  B M    
A. trivialis (Dahlbom, 1843)  B M    
A. wesmaeli (Thomson, 1870)  B M CR  
A. westerlundi (Morawitz, 1893) B   EX  
Agenioideus Ashmead, 1902         
A. apicalis (Vander Linden, 1827)  B M CR  
A. ciliatus (Lepeletier, 1845)    M EX  
A. cinctellus (Spinola, 1808)  B M    
A. nubecula (Costa, 1874)  B M EN  
A. sericeus (Vander Linden, 1827)  B M    
A. usurarius (Tournier, 1889)  B M VU  
Nanoclavelia Haupt, 1962        
N. leucoptera (Dahlbom, 1843)  B M CR  
Tachyagetes Haupt, 1930         
T. dudichi Móczár, 1944    M EX  
T. filicornis (Tournier, 1889)  B M EN  
Amblyellus Day, 1981        
A. hasdrubal (Kohl, 1894)   M    
Aporinellus Banks, 1911         
A. sexmaculatus (Spinola, 1805)  B M CR  
Evagetes Lepeletier, 1845        
E. alamannicus (Blüthgen, 1944)  B   CR  
E. crassicornis (Shuckard, 1837)  B M    
E. dubius (Vander Linden, 1827)  B M EN  
E. elongatus (Lepeletier, 1845)   M    
E. gibbulus (Lepeletier, 1845) B M    
E. littoralis (Wesmael, 1851)  B M EX  
E. pectinipes (Linnaeus, 1758)  B M EN  
E. pontomoravicus (Šustera, 1938)  B M EX  
E. proximus (Dahlbom, 1845)  B M    
E. sahlbergi (Morawitz, 1893) B      
E. siculus (Lepeletier, 1845)    M EX  
E. subglaber (Haupt, 1941)  B M CR  
E. tumidosus (Tournier, 1890) B M EX  
Anoplius Dufour, 1834         
A. alpinobalticus Wolf, 1965  B M CR  
A. caviventris Aurivillius, 1907  B   EN  
A. infuscatus (Vander Linden, 1827)  B M    
A. nigerrimus (Scopoli, 1763)  B M    
A. tenuicornis (Tournier, 1889)  B   CR  
A. viaticus (Linnaeus, 1758) B M    
Batozonellus Arnold, 1937         
B. lacerticida (Pallas, 1771)  B M EX  
Episyron Schiödte, 1837         
E. albonotatum (Vander Linden, 1827) B M VU  
E. arrogans (Smith, 1873)  B M CR  
E. rufipes (Linnaeus, 1758)  B M VU  
       
CEROPALINAE Radoszkowski, 1888        
Ceropales Latreille, 1796         
C. albicincta (Rossi, 1790)    M EX  
C. maculata (Fabricius, 1775)  B M    
C. pygmaea Kohl, 1879    M EX  
C. variegata (Fabricius, 1798)  B M CR  

 

Literature

OEHLKE J. & WOLF H. 1987: Beiträge zur Insekten-Fauna der DDR: Hymenoptera – Pompilidae. Beiträge zur Entomologie 37: 279-390.

SMISSEN J. VAN DER 1996: Zur Kenntnis einzelner Arachnospila – Weibchen – mit Bestimmungsschlüssel für die geringbehaarten, kammdorntragenden Weibchen der Gattung Arachnospila Kincaid, 1900 (Hymenoptera: Pompilidae). Drosera 1996: 73-102.

SMISSEN J. VAN DER 2003: Revision der europäischen und türkischen Arten der Gattung Evagetes Lepeletier 1845 unter Berücksichtigung der Geäderabweichungen. Verhandlungen des Vereins für Naturwissenschaftliche Heimatforschung zu Hamburg e. V. 42: 1-253.

STRAKA J. 2007: Vespoidea: Pompilidae (hrabalkovití). Pp. 111-131. In: BOGUSCH P., STRAKA J. & KMENT P. (eds.): Annotated checklist of the Aculeata (Hymenoptera) of the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Komentovaný seznam žahadlových blanokřídlých (Hymenoptera: Aculeata) České republiky a Slovenska. Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae, Supplementum 11: 1-300.

ŠUSTERA O. 1938: Čeleď Psammocharida (olim Pompilidae, – hrabalky). Pp. 196-223. In: BAŤA L. (ed.): Prodromus blanokřídlého hmyzu Republiky Česko-Slovenské. Pars II. [Annotated checklist of the order Hymenoptera of the Czecho-Slovakia. Part II]. Sborník Entomologického Oddělení Národního Musea v Praze 16: 166-223 (in Czech).

WAHIS R. 1986: Catalogue systématique et codage des Hyménoptères Pompilides de la région Ouest-Européenne. Notes Fauniques de Gembloux 12: 1-91.

WAHIS R. 2006: Mise à jour du Catalogue systématique des Hyménoptères Pompilides de la région ouest-européenne. Additions et corrections. Notes Fauniques de Gembloux 59: 31-36.

WOLF H. 1971: Prodromus der Hymenopteren der Tschechoslowakei. Pars 10: Pompiloidea. Acta Faunistica Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae 14: 3-76.

 


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