Family: chrysididae

zlatěnkovití, golden wasps, Goldwespen

Dryinidae and Embolemidae











Family Chrysididae is distributed all over the world and contains more than 3,000 species; moreover about 1,000 species are expected to be found and described. The family is divided into four subfamilies, two of them (Cleptinae, Chrysidinae) occur in central Europe. Species numerous subfamily Chrysidinae contains tribes Elampini, Chrysidini, and Parnopini. Chrysidids are distributed in all regions but mainly in subtropical and tropical zones. They are generally colourful insects boasting about with a variety of metallic colours, in some species parts – or even the whole body – are nonmetallic. Body integument is, with several exceptions, hardly sclerotised. Chrysidids have a reduced number of abdominal segments compared to other groups of the Aculeata. Both Elampini and Chrysidini have three-segmented abdomen with no sexual dimorphism in number, Parnopini have four in males and three segments in females.The shape of apical tergum is typical for different taxa and serves as one of main characters in determination. The Chrysididae includes brood parasites, ectoparasitoids and endoparasitoids, including the only egg parasitoids among aculeate Hymenoptera. Most species are solitary feeders, but a few feed gregariously as larvae.

So far 98 species are known from the Czech Republic (81 from Bohemia, 91 from Moravia).

Determination keys: central Europe: Balthasar (1954), Bouček (1957), Linsenmaier (1997), Móczár (1967), Kunz (1994).

Checklists: Czech Republic: Tyrner (2007).

Cleptes Latreille, 1802        
C. aerosus Förster, 1853 B M CR  
C. nitidulus (Fabricius, 1793) B M    
C. semiauratus (Linnaeus, 1761) B M    
C. splendens (Fabricius, 1793) B M    
Elampus Spinola, 1806        
E. ambiguus Dahlbom, 1854   M EX  
E. bidens (Förster, 1853) B M CR  
E. constrictus (Förster, 1853) B M VU  
E. panzeri (Fabricius, 1804) B M    
E. pyrosomus (Förster, 1853)   M EX  
E. sanzii (Gorgoza, 1887)   M EN  
E. spinus (Lepeletier, 1806)   M EX  
Omalus (Panzer, 1804)        
O. aeneus (Fabricius, 1787)             B M    
O. biaccinctus (Buysson, 1891) B M    
O. bidentulus (Lepeletier, 1806)  B M VU  
Pseudomalus Ashmead, 1902        
P. auratus (Linnaeus, 1761) B M    
P. pusillus (Fabricius, 1804)                       B M    
P. triangulifer (Abeille de Perrin, 1877)   B      
P. violaceus (Scopoli, 1763) B M VU  
Philoctetes Abeille de Perrin, 1879        
P. truncatus (Dahlbom, 1831) B M VU  
Holopyga Dahlbom, 1854        
H. austrialis Linsenmaier, 1859 B M    
H. chrysonota (Förster, 1853)  B M CR  
H. fervida (Fabricius, 1781) B M EX  
H. fastuosa generosa (Förster, 1853) B M    
H. ignicollis Dahlbom, 1854                 B M CR  
H. inflammata (Förster, 1853) B M EN  
Hedychrum Latreille, 1806        
H. chalybaeum Dahlbom, 1854 B M EX  
H. gerstaeckeri  Chevrier, 1869 B M    
H. rutilans Dahlbom, 1854 B M    
H. niemelai Linsenmaier, 1959 B M    
H. nobile Scopoli, 1763 B M VU  
Hedychridium Abeille de Perrin, 1878        
H. ardens (Coquebert, 1801) B M    
H. coriaceum (Dahlbom, 1854)   B M    
H. elegantulum Buysson, 1887 B M CR  
H. femoratum (Dahlbom, 1854) B   EX  
H. integrum (Dahlbom,1831) B      
H. jucundum (Mocsáry, 1889)                        M CR  
H. krajniki Balthasar, 1946 B M CR  
H. mediocrum Linsenmaier, 1987                    M    
H. monochroum Buysson,1888   M CR  
H. purpurascens (Dahlbom, 1854) B   CR  
H. roseum (Rossi, 1790) B M    
H. valesiense Linsenmaier,1959     B M    
H. zelleri (Dahlbom,1845) B M CR  
Chrysis Linnaeus, 1767        
C. analis Spinola, 1808 B M VU  
C. angustifrons Abeille de Perrin, 1878   M CR  
C. angustula Schenck, 1856       B M EN  
C. bicolor Lepeletier, 1806 B M    
C. brevitarsis Thomson, 1870 B   CR  
C. chrysostigma Mocsáry, 1889 B M CR  
C. cingulicornis Förster, 1853   M CR  
C. comparata Lepeletier, 1806   M CR  
C. equestris Dahlbom, 1845  B   CR  
C. fasciata Olivier, 1790 B M CR  
C. frivaldskyi Mocsáry, 1882   M EX  
C. fulgida Linnaeus, 1761 B M    
C. germari Wesmael, 1839 B M VU  
C. gracillima Förster,1853 B M    
C. graelsii sybarita Förster, 1853 B M EX  
C. gribodoi spilota Linsenmaier, 1959 B      
C. grohmanni Dahlbom, 1854 B M CR  
C. ignita (Linnaeus, 1761) B M    
C. illigeri Wesmael,1839 B M EN  
C. inaequalis Dahlbom, 1845 B M EN  
C. indica Schrank, 1804 B M CR  
C. iris Christ, 1791           B M EX Straka (2005) confused this species with another, C. iris Christ, 1791 is a normally widespread species.
C. leachi Shuckard, 1837 B M VU  
C. leptomandibularis Niehuis, 2000 B M    
C. longula Abeille de Perrin, 1879 B M EN  
C. marginata Mocsáry, 1889 B M EN  
C. mediata Linsenmaier, 1951 B M    
C. phryne Abeille de Perrin, 1878   M EX Tyrner (2007) published new find from Moravia. 
C. pseudobrevitarsis Linsenmaier, 1951 B M EN  
C. ruddii Shuckard, 1837 B M EN  
C. rutilans Olivier, 1790 B M    
C. rutiliventris Abeille de Perrin, 1879 B M VU  
C. scutellaris Fabricius, 1794 B M    
C. sexdentata  Christ, 1791 B M    
C. splendidula Rossi, 1790 B M EX  
C. subsinuata Marquet, 1879                      M    
C. succincta Linnaeus, 1767 B M    
C. valida Mocsáry, 1912                         B M EX Tyrner (2007) published data both from Bohemia and Moravia.. 
C. viridula Linnaeus, 1761 B M    
Euchroeus Latreille, 1809        
E. purpuratus (Fabricius, 1787)   M EX  
Chrysura Dahlbom, 1845        
C. austriaca (Fabricius, 1804) B M    
C. cuprea (Rossi, 1790) B M EN  
C. dichroa (Dahlbom, 1845) B M    
C. hirsuta (Gerstaecker, 1869)                B M CR  
C radians (Harris, 1776) B M    
C. simplex (Dahlbom, 1854 B M CR  
C. trimaculata (Förster, 1853) B M CR  
Pseudospinolia Linsenmaier, 1951        
P. neglecta (Shuckard, 1837) B M    
P. uniformis (Dahlbom, 1854)          M EX  
Spinolia Dahlbom, 1854        
S. unicolor  Dahlbom, 1831 B M EX  
Stilbum Spinola, 1806        
S. cyanurum  (Förster, 1771) B M CR  
Trichrysis Lichtenstein, 1876        
T. cyanea (Linnaeus, 1761) B M    
T. pumilionis Linsenmaier, 1987   M EX  
Parnopes Latreille, 1796        
P. grandior (Pallas, 1771) B M EX  



BALTHASAR V. 1954: Zlatěnky – Chrysidoidea. Fauna ČSR, Vol. 3. Nakladatelství ČSAV, Praha, 271 pp.

BOUČEK Z. 1957: Zlatěnky – Chrysididae. Pp. 319-326. In: KRATOCHVÍL J. (ed.): Klíč zvířeny ČSR II. Nakladatelství ČSAV, Praha, 746 pp.

KUNZ P. X. 1994: Die Goldwespen (Chrysididae) Baden Württembergs. Beihefte zu den Veröffentlichungen für Naturschutz und Landschaftspfl ege in Baden-Württemberg 77: 1-188.

LINSENMAIER W. 1997: Die Goldwespen der Schweiz. Veröffentlichungen aus der Natur-Museum Luzern 9: 5-139.

MÓCZÁR L. 1967: Fémdaraszalkatúak – Chrysidoidea. Fauna Hungariae XIII, Hymenoptera III. [Chrysidoidea.Fauna of Hungary. Vol. XIII. Hymenoptera III]. Akadémiai Kiadó, Budapest, 118 pp (in Hungarian).

TYRNER P. 2007: Chrysidoidea: Chrysididae (zlatěnkovití). Pp. 41-63. In: BOGUSCH P., STRAKA J. & KMENT P. (eds.): Annotated checklist of the Aculeata (Hymenoptera) of the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Komentovaný seznam žahadlových blanokřídlých (Hymenoptera: Aculeata) České republiky a Slovenska. Acta Entomologica Musei Nationalis Pragae, Supplementum 11: 1-300.